BEIRUT -The 'Arab Spring' of 2011 had enormous consequences: dictators fell, wars followed, the refugee crisis came and there was the global impact of ISIS. A continuation of "2011" appears to have been started in 2019. New revolts are raging in Sudan, Algeria, Iraq and Lebanon, while the previous struggle continues elsewhere.
What are the similarities and differences with the Spring of 2011? What have the demonstrators, but also the authoritarian and corrupt regimes, learned from those last eight years? In part it is a new generation taking to the streets, and in the Middle East more than half of the population is younger than thirty. Who was born on 9/11 was ten in 2011 and now stands at the barricades as an eighteen year old. What's the plan? "Arab Spring 2.0" goes in search of the new fault lines of a crucial region in crisis.
Photo: © Gigi Ibrahim
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- ‘We voelen ons het belangrijkste exportproduct van Libanon’, De Standaard, 16/11/2019.