NAIROBI - This story uncovers a multitude of worrying allegations about the unregulated surrogacy industry in Kenya.
Poor and vulnerable women recruited and exploited to act as surrogates say they have been coerced, harassed and forced to go abroad without their consent. One surrogate says she was forced to have a late-term abortion while in a foreign country because the commissioning parent changed their mind. She says she still has nightmares of her dead baby lying in her bed and alleges that the recruiter later tried to renege on paying her.
The story reveals the owners, agents and middlemen behind the surrogacy business in Kenya. One agency’s actual ownership trail disappears offshore, via the UK, into the secretive Marshall Islands. Another agency owner shifted his business from a poorly regulated country to a country in Asia, before moving to Kenya.
Some surrogacy agencies market Kenya to foreign gay and lesbian couples yet homosexuality is illegal in the country. Some surrogates allege that certain agencies engage in identity forgery and fraud.
Meanwhile, some naïve and gullible commissioning parents claim they have been tricked and misled, and found themselves stuck in Kenya for months while they grapple with legal issues.
This story also highlights how the lack of a legal framework might be exposing Kenyan children to the risk of human trafficking.
It shows efforts by women policymakers to introduce a law that would at last protect both surrogate babies, mothers, and commissioning parents and so far, has been frustrated at every turn by socially conservative lawmakers.
Naipanoi Lepapa attended a Money Trail training course by Finance Uncovered in Abuja in 2019. Over the course of the next 18 months she delved into the murky world of surrogacy in Kenya.
Naipanoi Lepapa was among the journalists awarded during the 2022 Annual Journalism Excellence Awards (AJEA) held in Nairobi on Friday, May 6.
At the awards organised by the Media Council of Kenya (MCK), Naipanoi was crowned the Journalist of the Year in recognition of her investigative articles at the outlet.
Journalist of the Year award, which is the highest award recognition, went to Naipanoi Lepapa as a freelance investigative journalist for a story on the surrogacy industry in Kenya, supported by Journalismfund.eu's Money Trail Grants programme.
Photo image: Kobole
Hard Labour: The Surrogacy Industry in Kenya – Part I - The Elephant, 28/05/2021;
Hard Labour: The Surrogacy Industry in Kenya – Part I - Africa Uncensored, 28/05/2021;
Hard Labour: The Surrogacy Industry in Kenya – Part II - The Elephant, 29/05/2021;
Hard Labour: The Surrogacy Industry in Kenya – Part III - Africa Uncensored, 29/05/2021
- Hard Labour: Is surrogacy legal in Kenya? - Africa Uncensored, 28/05/2021
- Investigating surrogacy in Kenya: Brave journalist tells of dramatic face-off with agency boss and the police - Finance Uncovered, 29/05/2021
- Veteran Broadcaster Catherine Kasavuli, Waihiga Mwaura Bag Annual Awards - Kenyans.co.ke, 07/05/2022;
- Journalist Of The Year Naipanoi Lepapa Talks About The Hard Labour Of Reporting - Business Today, 29/05/2022;
- 'Standard' journalists scoop top awards at this year's MCK gala event - The Standard, 07/05/2022;
- Lessons from the best: Rethink your journalism, go for award-winning stories - Media Observer, 16/05/2022
need resources for your own investigative story?
Journalismfund.eu’s flexible grants programmes enable journalists to produce relevant public interest stories with a European mind-set from international, national, and regional perspectives.
support independent cross-border investigative journalism
We rely on your support to continue the work that we do. Make a gift of any amount today.