DAMASCUS - The Syrian government has raised billions of Syrian pounds to rebuild war-stricken cities through a "reconstruction tax." But where does the money really go? A joint investigation by OCCRP, SIRAJ, and Finance Uncovered, supported by Journalismfund.eu's Money Trail grant programme.

With the imposition of severe sanctions by the European Union and the United States of America since 2011, the Syrian regime was deprived of financial resources, it was isolated in the political and economic spheres.

In its search for resources, the Syrian regime's dependance on the taxes has become important and decisive. The regime levies taxes on a war-worn population to keep the Syrian regime's military machine and government alive during the war.

Among these taxes is the contribution of reconstruction tax, which was introduced by the problematic Law No. 13 on residents and companies by deducting 10% of income or direct and indirect fees, and later to be paid in favor of the Syrian public treasury.

According to the law, this money should go to help internally displaced persons and residents whose houses were destroyed during the war. But this cross-border investigation shows that the opposite is true. 

The Syrian regime’s ministries, security and military forces have been devouring this tax for eight years, leaving only crumbs for a war-torn population.


Mohammad Bassiki, an exiled Syrian journalist and founder of investigative news site Siraj, attended Finance Uncovered's Money Trail illicit finance training in September 2018. During his week in London, Moha mentioned story ideas he thought FU could help him pursue. A few months later he obtained a Money Trail grant from Journalismfund.eu. That's how this investigation started.

Photo credit: Ammar/Xinhua/Alamy Live News

Team members

Mohammad Bassiki

Mohammad Bassiki is an investigative journalist and researcher focusing on policy analysis and economics of Syria and the Middle East. 

Mohammad Bassiki

Ali Al Ibrahim

Ali Al Ibrahim is an investigative journalist, researcher and university lecturer based in Sweden.


Nick Mathiason

Nick Mathiason is a founder and Co-Director of Finance Uncovered.

Rana Sabbagh

Rana Sabbagh is co-founder of (ARIJ) and currently works as senior MENA Investigations Editor for OCCRP.

Rana Sabbagh

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